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Analysis of Whether Hong Kong's Adoption of the Security Law will push China-Us relations into a new "Cold War" based on Structural Realism

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DOI: 10.23977/polsr.2021.020106 | Downloads: 51 | Views: 2582


Yu Xiong 1


1 Department of Politics and International Relations, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United kingdom

Corresponding Author

Yu Xiong


The realisation and long-term impact of the security law of Hong Kong initiated by China represents a dynamic situation and this enforcement entails China’s perseverance of the current foreign relations with the West. Exploring into the concepts of neo-liberalism and idealism, a vivid picture of the political scenario of Hong Kong and whether the new ‘cold war’ situation is gradually erupting in connection with the straining relationship between China and the West can be explored. Here, the way new measures of the policy apparatus are conforming to the notions of idealism also formed a relevant area of the study. The Sino-American relations and how they are affecting the policy sector for Hong Kong remains a relevant area of study concerning the previously mentioned threat of another ‘cold war’. Considering the tension between the two powers can result in long-lasting changes in the international paradigm of foreign relations, especially concerning how these two countries are modelling their policies, various scholars have shown interest in conducting both theoretical and empirical studies and based on these, the aftermath of the Hong Kong security law can be clarified. With the application of Kenneth Walt’s structural realism or neo-liberalism theory as well as contrastingly applying the idealism theory, the findings of the study have been supported. While understanding the role of the political events leading up to the enforcement of the security law provides the study with factual bias, the implementation of these concepts results in better theoretical grounding of the study on the security of Hong Kong initiated by China and its impact.


Structural Realism, Kenneth Walt, Hong Kong National Security Law, China-Us Relations


Yu Xiong. Analysis of Whether Hong Kong's Adoption of the Security Law will push China-Us relations into a new "Cold War" based on Structural Realism. Journal of Political Science Research (2021) 2: 40-45. DOI:


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