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Research on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Criminal Responsibility

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DOI: 10.23977/law.2023.021225 | Downloads: 21 | Views: 398


Liang Chao 1


1 School of Law, Xi'an Peihua University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Corresponding Author

Liang Chao


This article investigates the impact of artificial intelligence on criminal responsibility. Firstly, the development status and trends of artificial intelligence technology, as well as its application scenarios in the field of criminal responsibility, were summarized. Secondly, the basic theory of criminal responsibility was explored, including the connotation and characteristics of criminal responsibility, the principles and constituent elements of attribution, and the methods of investigation and implementation. Next, the relationship between artificial intelligence and criminal liability subjects was analyzed, and whether artificial intelligence robots can become criminal liability subjects and their suitability for criminal liability subjects were discussed. On this basis, this paper analyzes the impact of AI on criminal accountability, including evidence collection and review, identification and positioning of suspect, and assessment of criminal responsibility capability. Then, the impact of artificial intelligence on the criminal liability system was explored, such as the reform and innovation of the criminal liability system, legislative improvement, and challenges and responses in judicial practice. Finally, strategies and suggestions for China to address the impact of artificial intelligence on criminal responsibility were proposed, including strengthening legislative guidance, promoting judicial reform, strengthening talent cultivation and technological research and development, and building an institutional framework for the coordinated development of artificial intelligence and criminal responsibility. This article aims to provide theoretical support and reference for legislation, judicial practice, and policy formulation in the field of criminal responsibility in China in the era of artificial intelligence.


Artificial intelligence; Criminal responsibility; The subject of criminal responsibility; Judicial reform; Legislative improvement


Liang Chao, Research on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Criminal Responsibility. Science of Law Journal (2023) Vol. 2: 169-177. DOI: 10.23977/law.2023.021225.


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