Technique for the Retrospective and Predictive Analysis of Cognitive Errors in Maritime Pilotage Operation
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Mohd Hafizi Said and Muhamad Faiz Amir Mohd Noor
Mohd Hafizi Said
This paper presents one of the human error identification method called Technique for the Retrospective and Predictive Analysis of Cognitive Errors (TRACEr). This method has been actively used in the human reliability studies of air traffic management and the rail operations. Interestingly, there are only a few published literatures where this method has been applied to maritime operation. Therefore, this paper was attempted of applying the TRACEr methodology in order to analyze and classify the maritime pilots’ cognitive errors. For that reason, 50 accident investigation reports in the maritime pilotage operations were reviewed to demonstrate TRACEr capability. Finally, concluding remarks and further extensions in practicing TRACEr are discussed at the end of this paper.
Accident Investigation Report, Human Error Identification, Maritime Pilotage Operations, TRACEr