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Evaluating the Effects of Working Memory Training on Children: a Review of Literature

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DOI: 10.23977/ESS2020029


Rui Wang, Xueni Zhang

Corresponding Author

Rui Wang


Working memory (WM) involves the cognitive activity of temporary information processing in the human brain. With the development momentum of WM in psychological research, we have carefully reviewed various WM training programs to evaluate the effectiveness of WM. However, the findings in this research area have led to an unresolved conclusion that has cast doubt on the effectiveness of current training methods. This article is a review of the latest research on children's working memory training. It provides a critical perspective on the impact of working memory training on children's cognitive development. The review and analysis show that the current findings are not sufficient to constitute evidence to prove that in typical children, there is a direct link between working memory training and children's cognitive development. However, it is worth noting that the positive effects of WM training can be confirmed in studies of children with learning disabilities.


Working memory training, Transfer effect, Cognitive functions, academic performance, children

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