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Social-spatial Differentiation and Residential Segregation of Hangzhou, China: Evidence from the Subdistrict-level Data

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DOI: 10.23977/ESS2020042


Ling Zhang, Dingyin Shi

Corresponding Author

Dingyin Shi


Social-spatial differentiation is a feature of Chinese cities and is undergoing dynamic change as part of urbanization. This paper studies the social-spatial differentiation in Hangzhou by the subdistrict-level data from the resident trip survey combined with an accurate map. After create 29 demographic, educational, occupational and housing variables for 96 subdistricts, a mixed method approach include principal components analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering and spatial segregation analysis is used to analyze and classify the spatial segregation of diverse social groups. The study finds a complex pattern of social-spatial differentiation and residential segregation in Hangzhou, China, and then analyze both the external and internal force of Hangzhou's residential space differentiation.


Subdistrict-level, Social Zone, Residential Differentiation, Hangzhou

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