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A Critical Analysis of the Breakdown of Sino-Soviet Relations - Structural Inequality

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DOI: 10.23977/SMEHR2023.027


Jianing Wang

Corresponding Author

Jianing Wang


Between the 1950s and the 1960s the relationship between China and the Soviet Union went from being as close as brothers to being enemies. The reasons for the Sino-Soviet split have been analysed in a relatively complete and comprehensive manner by academics. The author also agrees that a complex event such as the Sino-Soviet split cannot be completely explained by a single factor. At the same time, however, the author argues that there was a central or underlying cause that coexisted with other, non-primary causes and motivations. The article attempts to discuss, from a critical perspective, some of the flaws and shortcomings in the explanation of the Sino-Soviet split from the perspective of personal factors, conflicts of interest, and ideological conflicts often used in comprehensive cause analysis, and to demonstrate that the root cause of the Sino-Soviet split was due to a structural inequality in inter-party and state relations. And in the same period and in the same socialist camp, the breakdown of relations between China and the Soviet Union was not an isolated case; this fragility and structural problem existed throughout the socialist camp.


China, Nternational relation, Structural

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