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Psychological Status and Job Burnout among Prison Staff in One Jail in Chongqing during COVID-19 Epidemic

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DOI: 10.23977/appep.2023.040409 | Downloads: 9 | Views: 390

Author(s)

Cunbo Wu 1, Xiaolin Tan 1, Yuan Li 1

Affiliation(s)

1 Chongqing Mental Health Center, Gele Mmountain, Shapingba District, Chongqing, China

Corresponding Author

Yuan Li

ABSTRACT

To investigate the job burnout of employees in one jail in Chongqing during COVID-19 pandemic, and to analyse the factors causing the burnout. A total of 160 prison workers from prison area 1, prison area 2, prison area 3, and institutions were selected conveniently. General data questionnaire and MBI were used to investigate prison staff the demographic characteristics and job burnout, and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the job burnout influencing factors. The rate of job burnout in the prison was 24.1%, and there were significant differences in job burnout (F=5.644), emotional exhaustion (F=4.965), depersonalization (F=3.239) and low sense of achievement (F=6.698) among departments (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that psychosis was a risk factor for job burnout, active coping was a protective factor for job burnout, and income, working environment and internal and external orientation were the independent influencing factors of occupational burnout. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the psychological status of most prison staff is negative, of which burnout is main mainefestiation. The independent factors that influence job burnout are income, working environment, spiritual quality, internal and external orientation, and positive coping. Prison leaders should pay more attention to the physical and mental health of prison staff, by improving their salary in time, and carrying out psychological intervention and humanistic care.

KEYWORDS

COVID-19 epidemic, prison staff, job burnout, emotional exhaustion, influencing factors

CITE THIS PAPER

Cunbo Wu, Xiaolin Tan, Yuan Li, Psychological Status and Job Burnout among Prison Staff in One Jail in Chongqing during COVID-19 Epidemic. Applied & Educational Psychology (2023) Vol. 4: 57-64. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23977/appep.2023.040409.

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