Education, Science, Technology, Innovation and Life
Open Access
Sign In

Comparing and Contrasting Differences in the Educational Systems of China and the United States

Download as PDF

DOI: 10.23977/trance.2021.030404 | Downloads: 15 | Views: 583


Hongyu Chen 1


1 Guangzhou Foreign Language School

Corresponding Author

Hongyu Chen


Since the educational quality of China is still not developed enough nowadays, it would be better for China to learn from the United State especially its advanced educational system. From this perspective, it would be necessity to analyse differences in their educational system so as to develop some recommendations to future educational development of China. The research aim is to compare and contrast differences in educational systems between China and the United State. There are three main research objectives, the first is to analyze differences of teaching methods in their educational systems. The second is to analyze differences of educational policies and learning curriculum in their educational systems. The last is to analyze effects of attitudes of students on leading to differences in their educational system. The research method is to take the qualitative research. Researchers would review 5 papers that are of high impact and representative of the larger literature. These five papers would be selected to use further. In terms of results of findings, the first is difference in educational approaches. The American students embrace more freedom to select their curriculum based on their preferences due to cultural difference. The United States follow the individualism which emphasizing the democracy and freedom. By contrast, China follow the collectivism, which emphasizing the family bonds. So, there are more democracy and freedom for American students compared with that of Chinese students in their learning. The second is differences in the educational system. The American education pays more attention to the all-round development, but, the Chinese education emphases the intelligent development due to the Confucian culture. The third is differences in attitudes of students on studying. The Chinese students would like to achieve higher scores in their studying, but, the American students emphasize the innovation in their studying. Besides, the American students are allowed to freely express their thoughts and ideas in their studying, but, Chinese students are afraid about expressing their ideas in studying. This research contributes to putting forward to some insights and recommendations on improving educational quality in China by comparing and contrasting advantages and disadvantages of educations between China and the United State. Firstly, Chinese teachers could encourage students to actively and freely express their thoughts and ideas on learning so as to stimulate their interests and enthusiasms in studying. Besides, it would be better to enable Chinese students to embrace more autonomous rights on what curriculums they would like to learn in the future.


Educational system, educational approaches, teaching curriculum, educational policy


Hongyu Chen. Comparing and Contrasting Differences in the Educational Systems of China and the United States. Transactions on Comparative Education (2021) Vol. 3: 20-26. DOI:


[1] Bynner, John, et al. "Revisiting the benefits of higher education." (2002).
[2] Baum, Sandy, and Kathleen Payea. "2Education Pays the Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society." (2007).
[3] Zhong, Yang. "Globalization and higher education reform in China." Zhong Yang [Электронныйресурс]. –Режимдоступа: http://www. aare. edu. au/05pap/zho05780. pdf. (датаобращения 02.09. 2013) (2005).
[4] Tiedao, Zhang, et al. "Universalizing nine-year compulsory education for poverty reduction in rural China." World Bank (2004).
[5] Ji, Hong, and JianguangQiu. "A Study on the Causes and Countermeasures of the Imbalance in the Flow of Compulsory Education Teachers in Urban and Rural Areas in China." 2nd International Conference on Social Science, Public Health and Education (SSPHE 2018). Atlantis Press. 2019.
[6] Cai, An. "Study on Balanced Development of Compulsory Education and the Construction of Rural Teaching." 2017 7th International Conference on Education, Management, Computer and Society (EMCS 2017). Atlantis Press, 2017.
[7] E Learning "The average length of schooling for people aged 15 and above in China has increased to 9.91 years. .05(2021):10. doi: CNKI: SUN: XOXZ.0.2021-05-002.
[8] Zhang, Huafeng. "Opportunity or new poverty trap: Rural-urban education disparity and internal migration in China." China Economic Review 44 (2017): 112-124.
[9] Kihwele, Jimmy, Markos Taye, and Guoyan Sang. "Mitigating the rural-urban disparities in Chinese Compulsory basic education." International Journal of Research Studies in Education 8.3 (2019): 57-66.
[10] Zhao, Guochang, et al. "How and why do Chinese urban students outperform their rural counterparts?" China Economic Review 45 (2017): 103-123.
[11] Brown, T. J. (1998) Ten Commandments for Success in Teaching: A Resource for Teachers. Columbia: Brown & Associates.
[12] Donnellan, J. & Edmondson, M. (2019) A Comparison of Pedagogy in China and USA Classrooms, ReserachGate, 1(2), 1-29.
[13] Kidder, T. (1989) Among Schoolchildren. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
[14] Kennedy, G. (1952) Education for Democracy; the Debate over the Report of the President's Commission on Higher Education. Boston: Heath
[15] McDonough, J. & McDonough, S., (1997) Research Methods for English Language Teachers. London: Arnold.
[16] OECD (2016) Education in China, ResearchGate, 1(2), 1-48
[17] Sowell, T. (1993) Inside American Education: The Decline, the Deception, the Dogmas. New York: Free
[18] Stake, R.E. (1995) The Art of Case Study Research: Perspective in Practice. London: Sage.
[19] Sang, K. (2017) A Comparative Study of Differences between Chinese and American Family Educational Approaches, ReserachGate,1(5), 23-69.
[20] Trochim, W. M. (2007) Research methods knowledge base. ResearchGate, 2(4), 13-29.
[21] Ziklová (2014) Primary and Secondary education in USA and China: comparison of approach and purpose, ResearchGate, 1(3), 11-52.
[22] Zhao and Zhang (2008) A comparative study of educational research in China and the United States, Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 28(1),1-17

All published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 - 2031 Clausius Scientific Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.