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A Comparison of Two Typical Rebels in Chinese and Western Classical Literature--Monkey King VS Satan

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DOI: 10.23977/langl.2022.050109 | Downloads: 10 | Views: 447


Li Meng 1, Gao Jihai 1


1 College of Foreign Languages Henan University, Kaifeng, China

Corresponding Author

Li Meng


Monkey King is a household name in China. He is a well formed literary figure as a rebel in Chinese classical literature. Similarly, Satan is widely known as an evil king among the westerners. Satan is created as a tragic hero in Paradise Lost, a renowned epic, written by John Milton. The two famous works are written in different languages and forms. People have tended to consider the two literary figures, Monkey King and Satan completely irrelevant since ages ago. Actually, both Monkey King and Satan are rebels, and thus they have lots of differences and similarities. Since both The Journey to the West and Paradise Lost are classical literature, thus countless Chinese and western scholars have done their study on them separately. Only a few of them make the comparison of Monkey King and Satan, though in different aspects. I think it deserves my further studying to find out their differences and similarities. Besides, it is interesting to make a comparison between the two literary figures. Probing into their differences and similarities can deepen our understanding of the two works and appreciating the characters of rebels in Chinese and western culture.


Monkey king, Satan, Rebel, Difference, Similarity


Li Meng, Gao Jihai, A Comparison of Two Typical Rebels in Chinese and Western Classical Literature--Monkey King VS Satan. Lecture Notes on Language and Literature (2022) Vol. 5: 33-41. DOI:


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[3] Milton, J. 2010. Paradise Lost & Paradise Regained, New York: New American Library.
[4] Potter, L. 2005. A Preface to Milton, Beijing: Peking University Press.
[5] Rumrich, J. 1996. Milton Unbound, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[6] Waley, A. 1943. Monkey: Folk Novel of China by Wu Cheng’en, New York: John Day Company.
[7] Yu, A. 1977. The Journey to the West, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

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