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Comparison and Implication of Teacher Qualification System in Middle and Primary Schools between China and Finland

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DOI: 10.23977/trance.2022.040302 | Downloads: 5 | Views: 188


Xiongping Liu 1, Zuming Bai 1


1 School of Humanities and Education, Foshan University of Science and Technology, Foshan, 528225, China

Corresponding Author

Xiongping Liu


Application, accreditation, and examination of teacher qualification is the key to ensuring the quality of teachers, which plays a fundamental, and significant role. Given the situation in China, there are still some problems in the current teacher qualification system, such as too extensive application scope, loose restrictions on majors, easy examinations, and simple recognition procedures, which also lead to the uneven level of teachers between individuals and imbalance between regions. The qualification of teachers in Finland is stricter than that in China in terms of academic background, majors, and other requirements, as the qualification examination of teachers in Finland pays more attention to the examinees' research ability, comprehensive quality, and professional motivation, etc. These practices provide a good reference for teacher training, and assessment in China. Individual growth is inseparable from teachers' cultivation; the development of a school relies on teachers' efforts; social progress can't be achieved without teachers' contributions, and a country's prosperity also depends on teachers' strength. The teacher qualification system is a specific professional license system implemented by the state for teachers, which includes the basic conditions of teacher qualification, the principles of qualification recognition, loss and revocation, and the procedures of teacher qualification recognition [ ]. It has specified the qualification classification, requirements, examinations, and identification procedures, which guarantee the overall quality of teachers. Many countries in the world have strict provisions on the qualification standards of teachers. Compared with the qualification system of primary and secondary school teachers in Finland, China still has many shortcomings in this aspect. As one of the most advanced countries in the world, Finland has accumulated rich experience in the application, examination, and certification of teacher qualification, which offers a reference for China. 


China; Finland; Primary and Secondary Schools; Teacher Qualification System


Xiongping Liu, Zuming Bai, Comparison and Implication of Teacher Qualification System in Middle and Primary Schools between China and Finland. Transactions on Comparative Education (2022) Vol. 4: 8-14. DOI:


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